Australian Frontier Conflicts

News Media

Australian Frontier Conflict News Media


Myall Creek massacre: Hundreds gathered at Myall Creek, Bingara for 179th memorial

Heidi Gibson, The Northern Daily Leader, 11 June 2017


Myall Creek Memorial Ceremony, Bingara, New South Wales, Sunday, 11 June 2017

Friends of Myall Creek, program at


On this day: Pemulwuy is killed

Angela Heathcote, Australian Geographic, 1 June 2017


Sydney Cove shipwreck an epic tale of adventure and survival in 1797

Mark McKenna for Earshot, ABC Radio National, 30 May 2017


'Remarkable' Indigenous diggers take the lead on Anzac Day at last

 NITV 25 April 2017


Always Independent: An Interview with Murrawarri Republic Chair Fred Hooper

(Explains why a number of Aboriginal nations have declared their continuing independence as nations who have lived on the Australian continent for thousands of years and have never ceded their sovereignty to British colonisers who engaged in conflicts with, and waged war against, the First Peoples).

Interview by Paul Gregoire, Sydney Criminal Lawyers, 22 April 2017



Smallpox: 1789 Biological warfare against First Nations<h/3>


Talk by Chris Warren recorded at the Aboriginal Embassy, Canberra on 17 April 2017

Frontier Wars Commemoration and March, Anzac Day, Canberra, 25 April 2017

The annual Frontier Wars Commemoration and March will take place in Canberra on 25 April 2017. To join the peaceful, respectful march to commemorate those who gave their lives in Australia's colonial frontier conflicts, assemble at the bottom of Anzac Parade from 9.00 am. For those interested in the Aboriginal Sovereignty movement, the march is part of the Sovereignty Workshops program to be held at the Aboriginal Embassy, opposite the Museum of Australian Democracy (Old Parliament House), Canberra from 22 to 26 April 2017. For more information see the Sovereign Union website at

Appin Massacre Memorial Ceremony, 23 April 2017

The annual ceremony to commemorate the 1816 Appin Massacre will be held at the Cataract Dam picnic area from 11.00 am to 3.00 pm on 23 April 2017. Hosted by the Wingla Myamly Reconciliation Group and the Aboriginal communities of Macarthur. For more information contact: Ivan Wellington on 0447 581 306, or Ann Madsen on 0408 826 997, or Pete Jones on 0418 297 056, or Sr Kerry on (02) 9605 1838.



How Janadmarra went from resistance fighter to a Bununba legend

Craig Quartermaine, NITV News, 3 April 2017

Link here:

Mark Tedeschi on the man who fought for justice at Myall Creek

'Conversations with Richard Fidler', ABC Radio, 11.00 am Monday 14 November 2016

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New book on the Myall Creek Massacre to be published November 2016

A new book, Murder at Myall Creek: The trial that defined a nation, by Mark Tedeshi QC, Senior Crown Prosecutor for New South Wales, will be published by Simon & Schuster in November 2016. 

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Unsung colonial hero John Plunkett fought Myall Creek massacre racism

Marea Donnelly, History Writer, The Daily Telegraph, 31 October 2016

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Frontier Wars wing needed

A Frontier Wars wing at the Australian War Memorial would help improve the perceptions that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islandershave of themselves, would fundamentally change the distorted perception many Australians have of our history, and would fundamentally change the relationship between First Peoples and other Australians.

Shepparton News, 31 October 2016

Monuments to Aboriginals' 1842 execution 'firsat step' to recognising brutal past

Carolyn Webb, The Age, 11 September 2016

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Victory for Gweagal man Rodney Kelly in fight to have artefacts returned from British museums

Lucy McNally, ABC News online, 23 August 2016

In 1770, Cooman, a Gweagal man, was shot in the leg in an encounter with Captain James Cook and his crew on the shores of Botany Bay, Sydney. During the incident Cooman dropped his shield. Rodney Kelly, a descendant of Cooman, is attempting to have the shield belonging to his ancestor and other artefacts returned from the British Museum and the Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. The New South Wales Parliament has taken up his cause.

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The Untold Story Behind the Wave Hill Walk-Off

The Conversation, Felicity Meakins, University of Queensland, updated 20 August 2016

Many Australians know about the Wave Hill Walk-off 50 years ago on 23 August 1966 that led to the Aboriginal Land Rights movement. What is little known is that the walk-off followed eighty years of massacres, killings and ill treatment of the Gurindji by colonists. A new book, Yijarni, launched on 20 August 2016 by Senator Pat Dodson as part of the celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the walk-off, recalls how the memories of this brutal treatment weighed heavily on the 200 stockmen, station workers and their families, who walked off Wave Hill Station in protest against their low pay and dreadful living conditions. After the walk-off, the Gurindji interred the remains of people, massacred at Blackfellows Knob, in caves at Seale Gorge in traditional burial ceremony.

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Myall Creek Smoking Ceremony

The crowd participates in a smoking ceremony at Myall Creek Memorial site, 16 June 2016

REVEALED: Who is Aboriginal warrior Multuggerah

Andrew Backhouse, The Chronicle, Toowoomba, Queensland, 9 May 2016

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Anzac Day 2016--Remembering the Frontier Wars, Conflicts and Massacres

On 25 April 2016, Australians, New Zealanders, friends and former foes, commemorated the 101st landing at Gallipoli, Turkey, during World War I as well as the fallen in other international conflicts. This year marks 100 years since the beginning of campaigns on the Western Front in France. While many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples served, and continue to serve, in conflicts in foreign lands, their sacrifices in the defence of their own nations during the colonial frontier period are not officially recognised by the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, the Returned Soldiers League and other veterans' and war widows' organisations. A service for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander veterans of international conflicts is held every year at a bush site near the Australian War Memorial after the Dawn Service. At the main Anzac Day March, held in Canberra, beginning at 10.30am, First Peoples joined with supporters to commemorate those who fell in the conflicts that happened on the soil of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander nations from 1788 to c. 1941. As in previous years, the respectful, silent group was blocked from joining the main march by a barricade across Anzac Parade. In remembrance of those who gave their lives, or were injured, in the defence of their nations, the First Peoples hung a huge, long yellow banner, containing the dates and locations of more than 550 colonial frontier conflicts, over the barricade. This banner was created using research undertaken for this website. Read more and view images, of this now annual commemoration, on facebook at:


Cal Flyn: the terrible truths in my family history

The Australian, 23 April 2016

In an extract from her new book, Thicker Than Water, published by HarperCollins on 26 April 2016, Cal Flyn talks about the massacre at Warrigal Creek in July 1843 in which between 80 to 200 Gunai (Kurnai) people were slaughtered. Ms Flyn also lists other massacres that happened in Gippsland. She reveals that the leader of the men who perpetrated the killings was 'the Butcher of Gippsland', her great-uncle Angus McMillan, a Scot whose people had suffered the Highland Clearances to make way for sheep. Read more at:

Peter Gardner has written two books about Angus McMillan and the activities of colonists in Gippsland:
Our Founding Murdering Father: Angus McMillan and the Kurnai Tribe of Gippsland 1839–1865, self-published, 1987 and
Gippsland Massacres: The Destruction of the Kurnai Tribes 1800–1860, Ngarak Press, Ensay, Victoria, 1993

Two other papers on Gippsland massacres by Gardner are available online: 'Another Gippsland Massacre–Holland's Landing?', accepted for publication in the Gippsland Heritage Journal in 2008, see and 'Some Random Notes on the Massacres 2000–2015, see

Resesarch for this website (ongoing) has so far discovered the following killings and massacres of Aboriginal people in Gippsland:

October–December 1840: Nuntin Station
Unknown number of Aboriginal people killed by Angus McMillan's men.

22 December 1840: Boney Point
Unknown number of Aboriginal people killed by Angus McMillan and his men. 

Between 1840 and 1850:

Boole Boole:
mentioned in the Tyers's diary. Exact date and number killed unknown.

Holland's Landing: mentioned in local folk history. Exact date and number killed unknown.

Lake's Entrance: mentioned in local folk history. Exact date and number killed unknown.

Medusa Point: mentioned in local folk history. Exact date and number killed unknown.

The Heart: mentioned in local folk history. Exact date and number killed unknown.

1841: Butcher's Creek
30–35 Aboriginal people shot by Angus McMillan's men.

1842: Bruthen Creek
'Hundreds killed'.

1842: Skull Creek
Unknown number of Aboriginal people killed.

June? 1843: Warrigal Creek
Between 60 and 180 Aboriginal people shot by Angus McMillan and his men.

1844: Maffra
Unknown number killed.

1846: Snowy River
Eight Aboriginal people killed by Captain Dana and the Native Police.

1846: South Gippsland
14 killed.

November 1846: Unknown deaths in Gippsland

1846–47: Central Gippsland
50 or more Aboriginal people shot by a party searching for a white woman who, if she existed, was never found.

1850: Brodribb River
15–20 Aboriginal people killed.

1850: East Gippsland
15–20 Aboriginal people killed.

1850: Murrindal near Orbost
16 Aboriginal people poisoned.

1850s–1860s: Boomerang Point, Lake Reeve
Unknown number of Aboriginal people killed.

The Appin Massacre 200 Years On

Dictionary of Sydney has posted a new item, 'The Appin massacre - 200 years on
This Sunday 17 April 2016 marks 200 years since the Appin massacre, where at least 14 Aboriginal men, women and children were killed by soldiers under the command of Captain James Wallis, as part of a military reprisal raid ordered byGovernor Lachlan Macquarie. 

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Call to halt Sydney light rail after massive Indigenous artefact find

The Sydney Morning Herald, 30 March 2016

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Breaking the silence: Australia must acknowledge a violent past

The Conversation, 7 March 2016

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Call for national day of remembrance for Australia's frontier wars

A Ngunnawal elder believes the true [sic] reconciliation cannot be achieved in Australia until the government recognises the existence of thefrontier wars between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.  

Katie Burgess, ABC News online, 7 March 2016


Artist says new monument to executed Aborigines is a 'war memorial'

Carolyn Webb, The Age, 26 November 2015

Melbourne's first memorial to two men executed in 1842 will serve as a war memorial to Aboriginal people's clashes with colonists, according to the artist of the winning design.

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Artist Ben Quilty confronts colonial denial with Aboriginal massacre site artworks

Andrew Stephens, The Sydney Morning Herald, 12 December 2014

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Why the number of Indigenous deaths in the frontier wars matters

If new research is right, Australia should be poised for a new debate about its bloody colonial genesis and the near eradication of one of the world's oldest peoples

Paul Daley, The Guardian, 15 July 2014 

Reconciliation means recognising the Frontier Wars

The Australian War Memorial's refusal to acknowledge the Frontier Wars between Indigenous Australians and white settlers is historically dishonest and is holding back reconciliation. 

Alan Stephens, ABC TV Opinion, The Drum, 7 July 2014



'Was Sydney's smallpox outbreak in 1789 an act of biologicalwarfare agagainst Aboriginal tribes?'

Chris Warren, 'Okham's Razor', ABC Radio National, 17 April 2014 at

Once were warriors

Michael Green, The Sydney Morning Herald, 5 February 2014 at

Will the Australian War Memorial Tell the Story of Colonial Conflicts?

Mary Lou Pooley, 17 December 2013, Australian War Memorial blog at

Why does the Australian War Memorial ignore the frontier war?

The battle between Aboriginal people and settlers is at the heart of nationhood but absent from war dead commemorations

Read more: Paul Daley, The Guardian, 12 December 2013

The Battle for Australia: Henry Reynolds's 'Forgotten War'

Michael Piggott, 'The Battle for Australia: Henry Reynolds' "Forgotten War", Honest History Newsletter No. 5, September 2013, at

Mapping the massacres of Queensland Aboriginal society

Nicholas Rothwell, The Australian, 29 June 2013

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