Australian Frontier Conflict News Media
Always Independent: An Interview with Murrawarri Republic Chair Fred Hooper
(Explains why a number of Aboriginal nations have declared their continuing independence as nations who have lived on the Australian continent for thousands of years and have never ceded their sovereignty to British colonisers who engaged in conflicts with, and waged war against, the First Peoples).
Interview by Paul Gregoire, Sydney Criminal Lawyers, 22 April 2017
Smallpox: 1789 Biological warfare against First Nations
Talk by Chris Warren recorded at the Aboriginal Embassy, Canberra on 17 April 2017
Frontier Wars Commemoration and March, Anzac Day, Canberra, 25 April 2017
The annual Frontier Wars Commemoration and March will take place in Canberra on 25 April 2017. To join the peaceful, respectful march to commemorate those who gave their lives in Australia's colonial frontier conflicts, assemble at the bottom of Anzac Parade from 9.00 am. For those interested in the Aboriginal Sovereignty movement, the march is part of the Sovereignty Workshops program to be held at the Aboriginal Embassy, opposite the Museum of Australian Democracy (Old Parliament House), Canberra from 22 to 26 April 2017. For more information see the Sovereign Union website at http://www.sovereignunion.mobi/
Appin Massacre Memorial Ceremony, 23 April 2017
The annual ceremony to commemorate the 1816 Appin Massacre will be held at the Cataract Dam picnic area from 11.00 am to 3.00 pm on 23 April 2017. Hosted by the Wingla Myamly Reconciliation Group and the Aboriginal communities of Macarthur. For more information contact: Ivan Wellington on 0447 581 306, or Ann Madsen on 0408 826 997, or Pete Jones on 0418 297 056, or Sr Kerry on (02) 9605 1838.
How Janadmarra went from resistance fighter to a Bununba legend
Craig Quartermaine, NITV News, 3 April 2017
Mark Tedeschi on the man who fought for justice at Myall Creek
'Conversations with Richard Fidler', ABC Radio, 11.00 am Monday 14 November 2016
New book on the Myall Creek Massacre to be published November 2016
A new book, Murder at Myall Creek: The trial that defined a nation, by Mark Tedeshi QC, Senior Crown Prosecutor for New South Wales, will be published by Simon & Schuster in November 2016.
Unsung colonial hero John Plunkett fought Myall Creek massacre racism
Marea Donnelly, History Writer, The Daily Telegraph, 31 October 2016
Frontier Wars wing needed
A Frontier Wars wing at the Australian War Memorial would help improve the perceptions that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islandershave of themselves, would fundamentally change the distorted perception many Australians have of our history, and would fundamentally change the relationship between First Peoples and other Australians.
Shepparton News, 31 October 2016
Monuments to Aboriginals' 1842 execution 'firsat step' to recognising brutal past
Carolyn Webb, The Age, 11 September 2016
Victory for Gweagal man Rodney Kelly in fight to have artefacts returned from British museums
Lucy McNally, ABC News online, 23 August 2016
In 1770, Cooman, a Gweagal man, was shot in the leg in an encounter with Captain James Cook and his crew on the shores of Botany Bay, Sydney. During the incident Cooman dropped his shield. Rodney Kelly, a descendant of Cooman, is attempting to have the shield belonging to his ancestor and other artefacts returned from the British Museum and the Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. The New South Wales Parliament has taken up his cause.
The Untold Story Behind the Wave Hill Walk-Off
The Conversation, Felicity Meakins, University of Queensland, updated 20 August 2016
Many Australians know about the Wave Hill Walk-off 50 years ago on 23 August 1966 that led to the Aboriginal Land Rights movement. What is little known is that the walk-off followed eighty years of massacres, killings and ill treatment of the Gurindji by colonists. A new book, Yijarni, launched on 20 August 2016 by Senator Pat Dodson as part of the celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the walk-off, recalls how the memories of this brutal treatment weighed heavily on the 200 stockmen, station workers and their families, who walked off Wave Hill Station in protest against their low pay and dreadful living conditions. After the walk-off, the Gurindji interred the remains of people, massacred at Blackfellows Knob, in caves at Seale Gorge in traditional burial ceremony.
Myall Creek Smoking Ceremony
The crowd participates in a smoking ceremony at Myall Creek Memorial site, 16 June 2016
REVEALED: Who is Aboriginal warrior Multuggerah
Andrew Backhouse, The Chronicle, Toowoomba, Queensland, 9 May 2016
Anzac Day 2016--Remembering the Frontier Wars, Conflicts and Massacres
On 25 April 2016, Australians, New Zealanders, friends and former foes, commemorated the 101st landing at Gallipoli, Turkey, during World War I as well as the fallen in other international conflicts. This year marks 100 years since the beginning of campaigns on the Western Front in France. While many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples served, and continue to serve, in conflicts in foreign lands, their sacrifices in the defence of their own nations during the colonial frontier period are not officially recognised by the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, the Returned Soldiers League and other veterans' and war widows' organisations. A service for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander veterans of international conflicts is held every year at a bush site near the Australian War Memorial after the Dawn Service. At the main Anzac Day March, held in Canberra, beginning at 10.30am, First Peoples joined with supporters to commemorate those who fell in the conflicts that happened on the soil of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander nations from 1788 to c. 1941. As in previous years, the respectful, silent group was blocked from joining the main march by a barricade across Anzac Parade. In remembrance of those who gave their lives, or were injured, in the defence of their nations, the First Peoples hung a huge, long yellow banner, containing the dates and locations of more than 550 colonial frontier conflicts, over the barricade. This banner was created using research undertaken for this website. Read more and view images, of this now annual commemoration, on facebook at: https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.1068005013271503.1073742004.340478969357448&type=3
LEST WE FORGET
Cal Flyn: the terrible truths in my family history
The Australian, 23 April 2016
In an extract from her new book, Thicker Than Water, published by HarperCollins on 26 April 2016, Cal Flyn talks about the massacre at Warrigal Creek in July 1843 in which between 80 to 200 Gunai (Kurnai) people were slaughtered. Ms Flyn also lists other massacres that happened in Gippsland. She reveals that the leader of the men who perpetrated the killings was 'the Butcher of Gippsland', her great-uncle Angus McMillan, a Scot whose people had suffered the Highland Clearances to make way for sheep. Read more at: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/life/weekend-australian-magazine/cal-flyn-the-terrible-truths-in-my-family-history/news-story/7785e4d89d6cd479139be969a88f4047
Peter Gardner has written two books about Angus McMillan and the activities of colonists in Gippsland:
Our Founding Murdering Father: Angus McMillan and the Kurnai Tribe of Gippsland 1839–1865, self-published, 1987 and
Gippsland Massacres: The Destruction of the Kurnai Tribes 1800–1860, Ngarak Press, Ensay, Victoria, 1993
Two other papers on Gippsland massacres by Gardner are available online: 'Another Gippsland Massacre–Holland's Landing?', accepted for publication in the Gippsland Heritage Journal in 2008, see http://petergardner.info/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Hollands-Landing-Massacrerev.edpdf_.pdf: and 'Some Random Notes on the Massacres 2000–2015, see http://petergardner.info/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Notes-on-Massacres-rev.ed_.pdf
Resesarch for this website (ongoing) has so far discovered the following killings and massacres of Aboriginal people in Gippsland:
October–December 1840: Nuntin Station
Unknown number of Aboriginal people killed by Angus McMillan's men.
22 December 1840: Boney Point
Unknown number of Aboriginal people killed by Angus McMillan and his men.
Between 1840 and 1850:
Boole Boole:mentioned in the Tyers's diary. Exact date and number killed unknown.
Holland's Landing: mentioned in local folk history. Exact date and number killed unknown.
Lake's Entrance: mentioned in local folk history. Exact date and number killed unknown.
Medusa Point: mentioned in local folk history. Exact date and number killed unknown.
The Heart: mentioned in local folk history. Exact date and number killed unknown.
1841: Butcher's Creek
30–35 Aboriginal people shot by Angus McMillan's men.
1842: Bruthen Creek
1842: Skull Creek
Unknown number of Aboriginal people killed.
June? 1843: Warrigal Creek
Between 60 and 180 Aboriginal people shot by Angus McMillan and his men.
Unknown number killed.
1846: Snowy River
Eight Aboriginal people killed by Captain Dana and the Native Police.
1846: South Gippsland
November 1846: Unknown deaths in Gippsland
1846–47: Central Gippsland
50 or more Aboriginal people shot by a party searching for a white woman who, if she existed, was never found.
1850: Brodribb River
15–20 Aboriginal people killed.
1850: East Gippsland
15–20 Aboriginal people killed.
1850: Murrindal near Orbost
16 Aboriginal people poisoned.
1850s–1860s: Boomerang Point, Lake Reeve
Unknown number of Aboriginal people killed.
The Appin Massacre 200 Years On
Dictionary of Sydney has posted a new item, 'The Appin massacre - 200 years on
'This Sunday 17 April 2016 marks 200 years since the Appin massacre, where at least 14 Aboriginal men, women and children were killed by soldiers under the command of Captain James Wallis, as part of a military reprisal raid ordered byGovernor Lachlan Macquarie.
Read more at:
Call to halt Sydney light rail after massive Indigenous artefact find
The Sydney Morning Herald, 30 March 2016
Breaking the silence: Australia must acknowledge a violent past
The Conversation, 7 March 2016
Call for national day of remembrance for Australia's frontier wars
A Ngunnawal elder believes the true [sic] reconciliation cannot be achieved in Australia until the government recognises the existence of thefrontier wars between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.
Katie Burgess, ABC News online, 7 March 2016
Artist says new monument to executed Aborigines is a 'war memorial'
Carolyn Webb, The Age, 26 November 2015
Melbourne's first memorial to two men executed in 1842 will serve as a war memorial to Aboriginal people's clashes with colonists, according to the artist of the winning design.
Artist Ben Quilty confronts colonial denial with Aboriginal massacre site artworks
Andrew Stephens, The Sydney Morning Herald, 12 December 2014
Why the number of Indigenous deaths in the frontier wars matters
If new research is right, Australia should be poised for a new debate about its bloody colonial genesis and the near eradication of one of the world's oldest peoples
Paul Daley, The Guardian, 15 July 2014
Reconciliation means recognising the Frontier Wars
The Australian War Memorial's refusal to acknowledge the Frontier Wars between Indigenous Australians and white settlers is historically dishonest and is holding back reconciliation.
Alan Stephens, ABC TV Opinion, The Drum, 7 July 2014
'Was Sydney's smallpox outbreak in 1789 an act of biologicalwarfare agagainst Aboriginal tribes?'
Chris Warren, 'Okham's Razor', ABC Radio National, 17 April 2014 at http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/ockhamsrazor/was-sydneys-smallpox-outbreak-an-act-of-biological-warfare/5395050
Once were warriors
Michael Green, The Sydney Morning Herald, 5 February 2014 at http://www.smh.com.au/national/once-were-warriors-20140204-31zmu.html
Will the Australian War Memorial Tell the Story of Colonial Conflicts?
Mary Lou Pooley, 17 December 2013, Australian War Memorial blog at https://www.awm.gov.au/blog/2013/12/17/response-question-about-frontier-conflict
Why does the Australian War Memorial ignore the frontier war?
The battle between Aboriginal people and settlers is at the heart of nationhood but absent from war dead commemorations
Read more: Paul Daley, The Guardian, 12 December 2013
The Battle for Australia: Henry Reynolds's 'Forgotten War'
Michael Piggott, 'The Battle for Australia: Henry Reynolds' "Forgotten War", Honest History Newsletter No. 5, September 2013, at http://www.honesthistory.net.au/wp/piggott-michael-forgotten-war-review/
Mapping the massacres of Queensland Aboriginal society
Nicholas Rothwell, The Australian, 29 June 2013